What does it mean to live as a Christian? We are faced with decisions and the manner we respond reflects our understanding of our selves and the world around us.
This course on Christian Ethics helps us understand the meaning of being Christian. It looks into the Christian concept of the human person and the meaning of freedom and responsibility. It attempts to articulate the lifestyle and attitudes in keeping with the values of Christ and how to be equipped and strengthened to face the challenges that confront us. Guided by the reflection of the Church through the ages, anchored on the Word of God, it addresses the issues on life, sexuality and truth that modern man faces today.
The primary objective of this course is to establish the link between faith and life, so that you will appreciate that Christian Faith is primarily a personal and communal relationship with the person of Jesus Christ and a following in discipleship.
In this course, you will be equipped with moral principles and guidelines drawn from the Word of God, Church Teachings and Thomistic tradition. It will also give you a glimpse of non-Christian Ethical and Moral Philosophy so as to show that these are perfected in Christian Ethics. You will learn to apply your knowledge of these principles in facing contemporary moral situations. The course intends to develop appreciation, love and respect for life manifested by showing continuous interest in seeking new knowledge and information based on what is good and right, practice honesty and integrity in one’s personal, interpersonal and professional relationship, and enhance one’s personal and spiritual conversion through a strong faith in God.
Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics.
Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines - Episcopal Commission on Catechesis and Catholic Education, Catechism for Filipino Catholics, Manila 1997.
Congregatio pro Culto Divino et Disciplina Sacramentorum, Missale Romanum Sacrosancti oecumenici Concilii Vaticani II Editio Typica Tertia, Vatican 2000.
Congregation for Catholic Education, Catechism of the Catholic Church, Vatican 1994.
Kant, I., Foundations (Groundwork) of the Metaphysics of Morals.
New American Bible
Pope Benedict XVI, Deus Caritas Est, Vatican 2005.
Pope John Paul II, Codex Iuris Canonici, Vatican 1993.
Pope John Paul II, Evangelium Vitae, Vatican 1995.
Pope John Paul II, Veritatis Splendor, Vatican 1993.
Pope Paul VI, Evangelium Nuntiandi, Vatican 1975.
Pope Paul VI, Humanae Vitae, Vatican 1968.
Pope Pius V, Catechismus ex decreto SS. Concilii Tridentini ad Parochus, Bassani 1570.
Saint Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica.
Second Plenary Council of the Philippines, Acts and Decrees, Manila 1991.
Second Vatican Ecumenical Council, Gaudium et Spes, Vatican 1965.
Second Vatican Ecumenical Council, Lumen Gentium, Vatican 1964.
Fernandez, A. and Socias, J., Our Moral Life in Christ: A Basic Course on Moral Theology, New Jersey 1997.
Genovesi, V. In Pursuit of Love: Catholic Morality and Human Sexuality, Quezon City 2003.
Panizo, Alfredo, Moral Philosophy, Manila 1964.
Peschke, Karl, Christian Ethics, Manila 1996.
Rahner, K., Foundations of the Christian Faith, New Yrok 1978.
I. Non-Christian Ethics
a. According to the Greeks
b. Somewhat modern but not quite: Immanuel Kant
II. Christian Ethics
a. The Meaning of Ethics and Morality
b. Christian Ethics as the Following of Christ
III. You are a Moral Being
a. The Christian Concept of the Human Person
b. Christian Life as Freedom in Christ
c. Freedom and the Moral Act
IV. Norms and Guidelines
a. Objective Norm
b. Subjective Norm
V. Sin and Conversion
a. Divine Love and Sin
VI. Current Moral Issues
a. Issues on Life and the Body
b. Issues on Sex
c. Issues on Truth and Morality in Society
d. Particular Issues connected with your Major
Evaluation and Grading System
A student shall be graded based on his or her performance in class as manifested in the examinations, written requirements, individual recitation and group oral presentation.
1. Quizzes. There will be announced or unannounced quizzes which may be given at the end of a topic discussion or a reading assignment. They may be in the form of identification, or essay. Spelling and grammar will have a factor in the grade.
Quizzes make up 30 % of the grade.
2. Oral Presentation with Written Research Paper. The class will be divided into groups. The groups will be assigned a topic for the course of which they will have to produce a research paper and present it to the class.
The Research Paper should have a body (which excludes the title page and bibliography) of at least ten (10) pages. The text should be in Garamond, size 11, spaced at 1.5 lines and should have a one-inch margin on all sides. Research should be properly cited (use Turabian, Chicago or MLA). The deadline for the paper shall be announced.
The Oral Presentation should be done for a minimum of 20 minutes and a maximum of 30. Presenters are expected to make their presentation orderly and interesting. After presenting, they should be ready to answer questions from the instructor or their classmates. Classmates are expected to listen and ask questions. The presentation is scheduled according to the outline.
The Written Research and the Presentation make up 20 % of the grade.
3. Recitation. Participation in class discussion is graded. Thus, it is best to read up ahead. Recitation is 10% of the grade.
4. Examination. At the end of each grading period, there will be exams. Exams may be oral or written.
Those who opt for oral exam must set their schedule with the instructor and come to the set schedule on time. They are given 20 minutes to answer two questions which he or she will choose. The instructor may have follow up questions within the allotted time. Each student is given a think time of two minutes after reading each question.
The date and time of the written exam will be announced. Those who opt for the orals need not attend this session.
Spelling and grammar will have a factor in the grade. The passing score is 70% of the total number of points.
The exam is worth 40 % of the grade.
For CRS, there will be three grading periods, while for everyone else, there will be two grading periods. Each grading period will have all of what’s written above. The grade that will appear on your report card will be the average of all grading periods.
In order to foster an academic atmosphere conducive to learning, the instructor sets forth the following policies:
On Absences. Being a three-unit course, you are only allowed a certain number of absences. For classes that meet thrice a week, the limit is 11. For classes that meet twice a week, the limit is 7. There is no difference with an excused or unexcused cut. After the 11th or 7th absence, the student gets an automatic grade of FA.
On Tardiness. Students are expected to be in the classroom according to the schedule. There will be a fifteen-minute grace period after which tardiness will be counted. Three cases of tardiness is one absence.
Absent Teacher. The instructor will inform the students about days with no classes. In unexpected cases, the instructor will inform the beadle(s) if he cannot make it to class through text. If there is no word, the students are free to go after the twentieth minute.
2. Pray. The class begins with a prayer led by the assigned prayer leader who must prepare something meaningful. All are expected to respect the moment of prayer, as prayer is an act of communicating with the Divine.
The class ends with a doxological prayer.
3. Participate. Students are expected to be ready for class by reading up on the topics beforehand. You are expected to participate in the discussion actively and consciously. You are also expected to ask questions if there are unclear points.
4. Respect. Respect should be accorded to the instructor and to the other members of the class. Thus, when one has the floor to address the class, all should pay attention to whatever he or she is saying. It is improper to talk out of turn. The instructor may send anyone who proves to be uncooperative and he/she will be marked absent.
5. Honesty. Cheating in quizzes and the exam, and plagiarism in the research paper shall automatically merit the grade of zero for that test or paper.
6. Going Out. Students who need to go out of the classroom need only to raise their ID to signal the instructor. They are only given a maximum of ten minutes. If they do not return after ten minutes, then it is considered a cut, unless it was a situation that needed more time.
7. Ask. When you are in doubt, when something is not clear, or when you have a concern, do not be afraid to ask the instructor either during the class session, or after classes, depending on the instructor’s availability. Consultation may also be done through email.
8. Submit on time. Written work should be submitted on time. Late submission merits deductions from the score. Written work may always be submitted through email in doc, docx or pdf format.